menciptakan kebahagiaan kecil

Apa yang Anda rasakan ketika berpuasa seharian dan hanya berbuka puasa dengan segelas air putih dan semangkuk kolak?

Juga apakah yang Anda rasakan ketika sepeda motor Anda kempes bannya kena paku di tengah jalan dan menemukan bengkel tambal ban setelah menuntun motor selama 2 kilometer?

Saya yakin cukup melegakan. Jika Anda punya waktu, bandingkanlah dengan menyempatkan diri untuk makan makanan yang menurut Anda paling enak dan di tempat yang menurut Anda paling indah di saat tidak sedang berpuasa atau memanggil pesuruh di rumah dan memintanya menuntun hingga menemukan bengkel tambal ban pada kasus diatas. Tentu keduanya sama-sama memberikan kelegaan. Adakah Anda menemukan perbedaan diantara keduanya? Jawabannya bisa menemukan, bisa juga tidak.

Kebahagiaan, menurut Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, adalah kesenangan dan ketenteraman hidup secara lahir dan batin. Kebahagiaan lahir karena proses lahiriah (lidah merasakan makanan atau menemukan bengkel tambal ban) dan batiniah (merasakan kelegaan). Memastikan kebahagiaan lahiriah relatif mudah karena selama indera kita tidak mengalami gangguan maka kita akan dengan mudah merasakan lezatnya makanan favorit kita. Terus, bagaimana memastikan kebahagiaan batiniah? Batin adalah segala hal yang berkaitan dengan perasaan atau apa yang ada di dalam “hati”. Oleh karenanya, memastikan kebahagiaan batin memerlukan pengkondisian timbulnya kesenangan dan ketentraman hidup.

Kesederhanaan, kesediaan menerima kritik, keramahan, kejujuran, dan nilai-nilai bijak lainnya adalah instrumen yang akan mengkondisikan batin untuk mudah memperoleh kebahagiaan. Nilai-nilai bijak diatas tidak hadir sebagai ketentuan Tuhan tapi ditentukan oleh kita sendiri, seberapa sederhana kita, seberapa terbuka, dan seberapa ramah kita akan menentukan seberapa mudah memperoleh kebahagiaan.

“Saya sudah sabar, tapi orang itu kelewatan sekali pada saya”. Kesabaran dan keramahan dan nilai bijak lainnya disemai bukan untuk memperoleh pamrih, tapi memudahkan batin merasakan kebahagiaan. Makin kuat dan makin banyak kita memegang nilai bijak maka makin mudah kita memperoleh kebahagiaan. Segelas air dan semangkuk kolak berbuka puasapun bisa menjadi kebahagiaan kecil kita dan pelajaran menciptakan kebahagiaan kecil lain.

the courtesies of jogja

I really very happy to be in Jogjakarta, Indonesia, for three days since February 10, 2009. I went to Jogjakarta for enjoying the city. When entered the city, I remember staying here pursuing my master degree 5 years ago and an unforgettable one, Jogja’s courtesies. People there are very welcome to every one and very respectful. This is the one that I like it very much.

At Jogja, I also went to Universitas Gadjah Mada, the university I get my master degree. Again, I also feel the Jogja’s courtesies here. I met many friends and some of my lecturers there. There are very low profile, respectful and very expert in the field of their interests. I am very impressed with them.  See you later Jogja!

across malacca straits

If you would like to go to Penang, Malaysia across Malacca Straits, you can use a ferry from Belawan Harbour, North Sumatra, Indonesia directly to Jetty Harbour, Penang.  It takes 5 hours with ticket fare RM 150 (around Rp 500.000).

I ever use this way when travel back from Penang to Indonesia on January 2009.   As long as the weather is okey, the travel is safe. At the Malacca Straits, you will see some container ships, nice sea scenery and beautiful long bridge at penang before arriving at Jetty Harbour. Have a nice trip through this way.

predicting e-Learning use intentions

As an education service institution, a higher education institution will focus on developing knowledge and skill of its stakeholders through learning. Learning is the creation or acquisition of the ability (potential or actual) for people to take effective action (Bennet and Bennet, 2008). Since people have been regarded as the most important asset in an organization, learning becomes an important way to achieve maximum competency of the people.

According to Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), three variables influence an individual’s intention to perform a behavior that in turn, his/her intention will influence his/her certain behavior. The three variables are attitude toward behavior, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control. Beliefs inform attitude while normative belief and motivation to comply inform subjective norm. Furthermore, belief about how easy or difficult to perform a behavior informs perceived behavioral control.

In addition, Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) states that perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use determine intention to use a technology. Perceived usefulness is an expectation that technology will increase one’s job performance while perceived ease of use related to the belief that using a technology is little or free of efforts.

Intention was used to predict actual use of e-learning. Generally, the greater the intention to perform a behavior, the greater the behavior should be. Since all predictors of TPB significantly influence intention to use e-learning, three salient beliefs hold by respondents. The first belief is behavioral belief indicating that respondents have favorable evaluation toward the behavior of using e-learning. Moreover, normative belief becomes the third belief indicating that respondents have social pressure to use e-learning. Finally, respondents hold control belief indicating that they have perception regarding ease of performing using e-learning. The three beliefs provide a psychological support for implementation of e-learning. Increasing perceived benefits of e-learning will increase the three beliefs among students that in turn succeed e-learning implementation.

Respondents also hold perception regarding usefulness and ease of use of e-learning as found in TAM. As a consequence, e-learning should contribute to students learning outcome and little or free of efforts to use. Moreover, e-learning should overcome student’s learning difficulties and student’s learning maximization. E-learning design that going to edutainment paradigm would be an advantage. Thus, entertainment contents should be brought into education to achieve maximum learning outcome

As a conclusion of our research, implementation of e-learning predicted to be successful as long as e-learning provide benefits to students in overcoming their difficulties or maximizing understanding of lecture materials. The perceived benefits will produce behavioral belief, normative belief and control belief that influence intention to use e-learning. Moreover, e-learning design should be perceived as little or free of efforts and accommodating entertainment.